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16th March 2010 at 21:08 #61488SaadiGuest
During the drive test log files analysis using TEMS investigation (GSM network), it was observed in the GSM Line chart, that whenever a handover takes place, the C/I,SQI and RxQual at that instant also degraded. It is also a general observation, the more the number of handovers, the larger the bad quality samples. My question is, why does the C/I degrade at the instance the handover command is sent? Is it because of the BIT steal mode? or is it because of the break before make concept in GSM?16th March 2010 at 22:22 #61489PixGuest
I believe it is a TEMS issue (or a TEMS choice). There is no link degradation during HO : the C/I and RXQual should be stable.
However the speech frames are lost during the HO execution. And -perhaps- during the HO, to reflect that loss, TEMS artificially degrades the measurements.
In other words : Voice Quality is degraded during HO, but not the link quality. Even though TEMS is saying otherwise…
pix17th March 2010 at 04:54 #61490BijoyGuest
You can enable handover power boost feature to overcome this.In this case,during HO both MS & BTS radiates at MAx. power & the C/I degradation considerably reduces.However,you cant reduce it fully because this is what actully happens during any HO.(No TEMS bug atleast)
Bijoy17th March 2010 at 07:02 #61491PixGuest
Hi Bijoy, you are back 🙂
Why would C/I and rxqual degreade during HO ? I didn’t get your explanation.
When MS goes in the new cell, both BTS and MS are transmitting at max power (by default), because noone knows what power reduction to apply. That’s how it works in ALU, but it’s probably 3GPP compliant.
And during the HO execution itself, there are no speech frames, therefore there are no valid frames on which to do the measurements.17th March 2010 at 17:23 #61492SaadiGuest
Thanks Pix and Bijoy for your replies.
@Bijoy:Is the handover power boost feature Vendor specific or is it a GSM standard? Furthermore, the name suggests that the feature would increase the MS or BTS powers during handovers, don’t you think this will further increase the interference?18th March 2010 at 07:20 #61493BijoyGuest
Yes,it is vendor specific.Regarding Interference,no such impact will be there.
By default,both transmit at max power,for sure.But in some vendors,we can play more:-)
Regarding C/I degradation.the SACCH frames are filled with dummy burst during HO command,which causes a minor degradation in C/I & Rx_Qual.Since MS measures all the DL bursts,it is shown in TEMS.However,these measurements are excluded in BSC,so your BSC RX_Qual will not get impacted.
Bijoy18th March 2010 at 08:20 #61494PixGuest
Bijoy, thanks !19th March 2010 at 09:43 #61495AliAsgherGuest
* Dummy bursts in SACCH frame. 🙂
Dear Bijoy, are you able to “SEE” the RF waves as they travel by?
Very nice information. Thanks20th March 2010 at 08:22 #61496PixGuest
More questions from my confused mind : you are saying the MS is still measuring the old SACCH while performing the HO (between HO command and the HO Access) ?
Or are those SACCH sent on the new cell ? I can’t see the point of sending those dummy SACCH…
And I can’t see why the MS would measure “bad” rxqual on those dummy SACCH. It is not because they are “dummy” that they are “poor”.
What do you think ?
pix22nd March 2010 at 11:15 #61497BijoyGuest
It is not mandatory that Rx_Qual will be bad.During HO command,the MS is measuring nothing,so it is pointless to say that Rx_qual is good or bad,as no SACCH is there in DL at the time of HO command.What happens is for the DL SACCH which is scheduled around the time BSC gives the HO command to MS,it is this SACCH Block which is filled with dummy SACCH,TEMS/MS just decodes it & gives the Rx_Qual value,whatever it is.
Please let me know if any doubt still persists
Bijoy22nd March 2010 at 13:28 #61498PixGuest
Well, yeah, my doubts are very persistant. I can’t take your word on that, you know me 🙂
So … how do you know about dummy SACCH ? Can you see those dummy SACCH messages in TEMS ?
In 3GPP, they don’t mention any dummy messages like this. On the opposite, it is stated that:
“Both layer 3 procedures, dedicated channel assignment and handover, are initiated and controlled by a network entity (BSS or MSC). This entity therefore will suspend the flow of layer 3 messages towards the MS after the ASSIGNMENT or HANDOVER COMMAND message has been issued. When the data link on the new channel has been established, the message flow may resume.”
Messages are suspended … ok, but it doesn’t mean the BTS doesn’t continue sending bummy blocks. Yet there is no benefit to use a frequency for nothing ! So i am still doubting 🙁
pix23rd March 2010 at 07:00 #61499BijoyGuest
Thanks Pix for ur doubt.
I didn’t said that these SACCH frames comes after the HO command.In fact,it comes alongwith the HO command or even before.Dummy bits are inserted for the Inband signallingin SACCH or Normal burst.(In case of HO command,it is FACCH).This will result in deterioration of speech quality, since either or
both of the 57 bit information blocks are used for signalling instead of user data.
Also,in case of non-sync neighbours,it takes at least 300 ms for the MS to tune on it.Here also,dummy SACCH comes in play.
I think you have to go beyond 3Gpp to comprehend this.