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Lines and VoIP bandwidth calculator
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Lines to VoIP Bandwidth Calculator

Lines to VoIP Bandwidth Calculator
Return to calculator index
Coding algorithm
Packet duration
Voice paths
IP Bandwidth (kbps)
A windows version of this calculator
is available for only $.
Click here for more information

Brief instructions

Here is a brief introduction to the calculator.  For more detailed information, press the Help Button. For a running record of the results calculated, press the Results button. Both these functions open new browser windows on your desktop.
  • This calculator can be used to estimate the bandwidth required to transport a given number of voice paths through an IP based network.   Reverse calculations are also possible.  These estimate the number of voice paths that can be transmitted though an IP network if the available bandwidth is known
  • Before a calculation can be performed, details of the voice compression scheme must be entered into the first two areas of the calculator.
    • Use the first drop down box to select the CODEC being used.   CODECs convert analogue voice signals into data streams through sampling and quantisation.  CODECs vary in their quality and delay characteristics and, although there is not yet an agreed standard, G.723.1 and G729A are the most common CODECs used for Internet voice transmission.
    • The frequency at which the voice packets are transmitted have a significant bearing on the bandwidth required.  The selection of the packet duration (and therefore the packet frequency) is a compromise between bandwidth and quality.  Lower durations require more bandwidth.  However, if the duration is increased, the delay of the system increases, and it becomes more susceptible to packet loss; 20ms is a typical figure.
  • To perform a calculation, select the value which you want to calculate by clicking on the radio button representing that parameter.  Then, enter the known value into the edit box representing the other parameter.  When the Calc. button is pressed, the result will be shown in the other edit box.
  • For example, to work out how much bandwidth is required to transmit 10 voice paths (or channels) through an IP network using the G.723.1 (6.4kbps) coding scheme with 30ms packet duration, follow these steps:
    • Use the Coding algorithm drop down list to select G.723.1 (MP-MLQ) 6.4 kbps compression.
    • 30ms should automatically be selected as the Packet duration.  With this coding scheme, lower packet durations are not possible.
    • Ensure that the Unknown radio button in the Bandwidth area is selected.
    • Enter 10 into the edit box within the Voice paths area.
    • Press the Calc. button.  After a short time, 171 should appear in the Bandwidth edit box, indicating that a bandwidth if 171kbps would be required.
  • Mechanisms are being developed which reduce the overhead of IP / UDP and RTP headers; examples include RTP header compression and multiplexing.   This calculator does not take these into account.

Windows version of this calculator

A Windows version of this calculator is available.  VoIP Calculator is a easy to use application that provides both a Lines and IP Bandwidth Calculator and a Erlangs and IP Bandwidth Calculator.

The calculators work on all versions of Windows are available for US Dollars for immediate download.

VoIP Calculator main window, showing the Lines to IP Bandwidth calculator
VoIP Calculator main window, showing the Lines to IP Bandwidth calculator

Although based on our online calculators, VoIP Select additionally offers the following Voice over IP features:

  • RTP header compression (cRTP)
  • RTCP control packets and their header compression
  • Data link protocols including Ethernet, PPP, Frame Relay ATM and HDLC
  • Calculations up to 25000 lines and 5000 Mbps.
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Last modified: 16 June 2017

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