- This topic has 18 replies, 1 voice, and was last updated 9 years, 3 months ago by nyron.
2nd July 2009 at 15:45 #57712bonoatanaGuest
at radio level , what could be the consequences to move from A5/1 to A5/2 ciphering algorithm. the cange is need to be made on Ericsson BSC R8A release , is the reboot of the site is mandatory for example…3rd July 2009 at 06:19 #57713PanGuest
Dear, bonoatana! I don’t know what should you do with Ericsson BSC, but A5/2 algorithm is not supported by some MSs (e.g. Nokia N73, some Sony Eric and others).3rd July 2009 at 17:56 #57714PixGuest
A5/2 is a weak algorithm, it is recommended to NOT use it (recommended by GSM World Association)
Keep your A5/1, it is stronger, more secure.
Soon, you’ll use the A5/3 which is even stronger.
To answer your question : I don’t know, sorry.
Pix25th June 2010 at 07:24 #57715AmbrishGuest
Does A5/3 is reflecting in tems mobile after sucsesfully implement in ericsson BSC of version 07B.Can u please give some more knowladge about A5/3 chiphering.25th June 2010 at 07:28 #57716bertGuest
after changing algorithm you need to update the IWD in the BTS
that can be done by a unconditional load in the BTS15th July 2010 at 11:26 #57717awaisGuest
algorithm of a5 is needed, can anyone give me..? regards14th December 2010 at 13:44 #57718BabGuest
Currently we are applied A5/1 in our network,I have heard that there are some risks of being attacked by hackers.with considering higher security of A5/3 what is/are benefit and downward of A5/3 comparing to A5/1 ? dose it impact Core side? or just BTS side?14th December 2010 at 22:19 #57719pixGuest
you must set your MSC to autorize the usage of A5/3 in the BSS. Other than that, no other problem.
Also, to strengthen the A5/1 algo, you can activate the “LapDm filling with random bits” feature. It make sthe A5/1 much harder to crack !
(reason : not all MS are A5/3 compatible, so even if you activate A5/3, you’ll stil get a lot of A5/1 in your bss)
pix17th December 2010 at 07:15 #57720BabGuest
Thanks for your sufficient explanation, mix of these two features is ideal but of course expensive 😉17th December 2010 at 12:29 #57721pixGuest
the lapdm random filling is free of charge, and it is already done in UL by the MS itself (some of them anyway)
the BSS feature allow to do the DL random filling as well.
pix18th December 2010 at 14:30 #57722TaibGuest
We are facing following handover problem when A5/3 was activated in test scenario.
We have NSN core, Motorola BSS & NSN BSS
Source Cell—-Target Cell—- Result
Moto BTS (A5/3 enable)—-Nokia BTS (A5/3 disable)—-HO failure.
Moto BTS (A5/3 disable)—–Nokia BTS (A5/3 disable)—–HO success.
Nokia BTS (A5/3 disable)—–Moto BTS (A5/3 enable)—-HO Success.
Nokia BTS (A5/3 disable)—-Moto BTS (A5/3 disable)—–Success.
What could be the reason for the HO failure in the first scenario.
Thanks & regards,18th December 2010 at 19:04 #57723pixGuest
have you tried
nokia = enabled to moto = disabled ?
and from enable to enable ?
in the scenario “HO from a5/3 disable to a5/3 enable”, what is the actual ciphering mode in the target cell ? does the MS stays in the a5/1, as it was in the previous cell, or does it move to a5/3 ?
Your problem (no HO from a5/3 bss to a5/1 bss) could be analyzed by checking the HO REQUEST and HO REQUIRED message, in which you should find info about the ciphering algo chosen by serving BSC and by the MSC. If only A5/3 is shown in these messages, then of course it won’t work.
pix19th December 2010 at 08:48 #57724taibGuest
In Case of Nokia BTS, A5/3 is always disabled… But in Motorola A5/3 is enabled in the test scenario.
In case of Moto Source cell HO required message it indicated A5/3 as the ciphering used, but in the HO acknowledge message from the Target Nokia BSS there is no indication of the Cipher field.
Regards19th December 2010 at 10:02 #57725pixGuest
i have to check when is the cipher mode decided during HO. Without any background about this, i’d say that you should check the HO REQUIRED sent from MSC to the Nokia BSC.
The MSC should be aware of the cipher capabilities of the Nokia BSS and should negociate a5/1 instead of a5/3.
As I’m on holidays, I’m not sure I can’t check this out right now 🙂
pix4th January 2011 at 19:43 #57726VladminGuest
Im a beginner in what this technology means so I’d like to get a bit more udnerstanding, if you could help me, Id really appreciate it.
1. On 3G technology the A5/3 algorithm is being used. Does that mean that if I have a 2G SIM Card and I switch to a 3G one, Im safe and my phone won’t be hacked ?
2. This algorithm, is it implemented at a SIM card level only or is in part of the MSC, towers, etc ?